References segregator (
segregate-refs.js) is a user script by PleaseStand – an attempt to make editing articles that have many citation templates easier. It works by moving the first non-empty occurrence of a
<ref> tag to a separate text box that is below the main editing textbox. That first occurrence of the ref is replaced by a short tag as if there were an identical reference before it. It is also capable of migrating articles to the list-defined references format (LDR).
A small amount of informal testing of the MediaWiki parser allowed for writing regexes to locate and parse various elements of
<ref> tags. There are two phases that the script proceeds as you edit a page with it:
This is completely independent from the citation template syntax, as long as all footnotes are surrounded in non-nested
<ref> tags in MediaWiki format.
The script has been successfully tested in Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Safari, and Google Chrome by the author with no problems found. Internet Explorer 9 should also work; however, the author has not tested the script in that browser. Internet Explorer 8 and below are incompatible with the current version of this script. For the time being, Internet Explorer 6/7/8 users (on Windows XP) should use one of the alternatives listed above.
Some aspects of MediaWiki parser syntax, such as the braces tag syntax for nested refs, are not supported. If there turn out to be any severe limitations other than listed below, you should leave a message for PleaseStand.Since you are ultimately responsible for your edits, please confirm that the script doesn't break any aspect of the page you are editing by clicking Show changes before you commit your edits.
First of all you need to be running a standards-compliant browser. This includes the latest versions of most browsers, but not Internet Explorer (see list below).
The latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Safari, and Google Chrome work with no problems.
In Safari, when wikEd is used, the green "Segregate refs" button might be located strangely. This only is a cosmetic anomaly and actual functionality should not be affected.
Internet Explorer 9 should also work; however, the author has not tested the script in that browser. For the time being, Internet Explorer 6/7/8 users (on Windows XP) should use one of the alternatives listed below.Internet Explorer 8 and below are incompatible with the current version of this script.
On a MediaWiki installation other than the English Wikipedia you will need to use this code:// install [[Wikipedia:User:PleaseStand/References segregator]] editing tool
Just like the code for English Wikipedia users, this code automatically gives the latest version of the code including any updates or bug fixes. If your wiki is on a network without an Internet connection, you will need to copy the complete source code into your wiki instead.
While its use is in no way mandatory, there is a userbox that you may place on your user page if you find References Segregator useful and would recommend it to other editors. It looks like this:
Until it is reasonably certain that any update to the script does not break it, any changes will be made to a separate development version. The development version be kept at User:PleaseStand/segregate-refs-dev.js.To recommend a change, please list your recommendation on the talk page for this page.
This subsection describes how to permanently convert an article's footnotes to LDR format. You must not do this without proper consensus. To make this conversion, you need to add the following line above the
Then make sure to follow these steps. Do not forget a step or you will find yourself breaking the citations/footnotes!
1. If you wish to name all the references yourself, do so now, as it will save you some work later. You can alternatively follow the optional Step 7 below to accomplish the same thing.
2. Click the red "Migrate article to LDR" button. Click OK to acknowledge your understanding that consensus is required to convert citation/footnote style. Nothing will be saved yet when clicking OK.
3. If you are converting a specially-named group (such as "nb" footnotes), enter the HTML-quoted name in the box and click OK. If not, or if you don't know what footnote groups are, leave the box blank and click OK.
6. Copy the entire contents of the lower edit box (the list of references) and paste it in place of the words "REFS HERE". If you are converting a special group, make sure that the group name is included.
7. The following is not technically required, but is best practice: This script auto-generates names for references that don't already have names. You should change these to descriptive names. The easiest way to do so is to copy the entire wikitext of the article (from the large upper edit box) into a good text editor. Use the find-and-replace feature to replace each ref name that has the form "AutoXY-Z" (the auto-generated names) with a human-readable name that makes sense. Paste your changes back into the large upper edit box. Click the Show Changes button and check the diff for any potential problems. This step is not necessary if you followed Step 1, or if all references were already named before you began.Each autogenerated name should be surrounded in double quotes when you use Find/Replace, or you may screw things up.
8. Click the Preview button. Check to make sure that there are no cite errors anywhere on the page, including in the references section. Then pick a sampling of footnote links and make sure they work.
9. Once you've confirmed that everything looks good and there are no errors, save your changes.
wikEd has reference/template hiding (even in the stable version), but for some tasks it can be cumbersome to use (it's necessary to switch out of ref-hiding mode to delete a reference).
dereference.js is an earlier script that I was unaware of when I originally wrote this script, but it seems to have some of the same limitations as wikEd and is no longer maintained (user is not currently active on Wikipedia).
Yet another earlier script is User:Magnus Manske/less edit clutter.js. That one has some additional features and was actually proposed as a gadget.
Please leave a message for me. Generally, I will respond quickly, but be patient – it might take a few days, or sometimes even longer, to get a reply.