Thompson sporadic group

In the area of modern algebra known as group theory, the Thompson group Th is a sporadic simple group of order

Th is one of the 26 sporadic groups and was found by John G. Thompson (1976) and constructed by Smith (1976). They constructed it as the automorphism group of a certain lattice in the 248-dimensional Lie algebra of E8. It does not preserve the Lie bracket of this lattice, but does preserve the Lie bracket mod 3, so is a subgroup of the Chevalley group E8(3). The subgroup preserving the Lie bracket (over the integers) is a maximal subgroup of the Thompson group called the Dempwolff group (which unlike the Thompson group is a subgroup of the compact Lie group E8).

The centralizer of an element of order 3 of type 3C in the Monster group is a product of the Thompson group and a group of order 3, as a result of which the Thompson group acts on a vertex operator algebra over the field with 3 elements. This vertex operator algebra contains the E8 Lie algebra over F3, giving the embedding of Th into E8(3).

The Schur multiplier and the outer automorphism group of the Thompson group are both trivial.

Linton (1989) found the 16 conjugacy classes of maximal subgroups of Th as follows: