Jewar Airport

Jewar International Airport is a proposed airport to be constructed in Jewar (56 kilometres (35 mi) from Noida) in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh.[2] The Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA) will be the implementing agency on behalf of the Uttar Pradesh State Government. The airport is to be developed on a Public Private Partnership model (PPP).[3] The proposed plan is to build a two runway airport by 2022-23 and then, at a future date, to extend it to a 7200-acre 6-runway airport.[4] According to the proposed plan, the airport will handle 5 million passengers per annum (MPA) initially and up to 60 MPA after expansion over 30 years.[5]

The project site is 72 kilometres (45 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport; 40 km from Bulandshahr, 60 km from Noida & 70 km from Faridabad & Ghaziabad, about 48 km from Greater Noida, 65 km from Gurgaon and 130 km from Agra. It will connect to the Yamuna Expressway, allowing domestic and international tourists to reach Agra, Mathura and Vrindavan.[6]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of Noida International Airport.[7] YEIDA has identified 5,100 hectares for the project, out of which 240 hectares belongs to the state government and rest is with private owners. YEIDA will acquire 1,327 hectares in the first phase for construction of terminal buildings and runways.[6] Bids for the airport are expected to be invited by end 2019.[8] It will be the third commercial airport in Delhi NCR after Indira Gandhi International Airport and a regional airport at Hindon

It is proposed to be connected to Delhi Metro via Noida Metro route and via the Delhi-Faridabad-BallabhgarhPalwal-Jewar route.

The project was first proposed in 2001 by then Uttar Pradesh chief minister Rajnath Singh as a Greenfield Taj International and aviation Hub (TIAH)[9] at Jewar village near Greater Noida, near the Yamuna Expressway.[10] The Central government cleared the techno-feasibility report for setting up TIAH in April 2003. It was to be built at an approximate cost of 5000 crore (50 billion) by the year 2007-08. The project was put on hold during the UPA regime because the project site was within 150 kilometres of an existing greenfield airport in Delhi.[11] This site was within 72 kilometres of Indira Gandhi International Airport(IGI), Delhi. Its operators, the GMR Group had protested against plans for another international airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport, claiming that it would impact traffic and revenue generation. GMR has right of first refusal (RoFR) on new airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport. The RoFR was to ensure that GMR gets preference in bidding for the Greater Noida airport in case its bid is within 10% of the highest bidder.

When the Akhilesh Yadav led government was formed in Uttar Pradesh in 2012, it contemplated shelving the project while proposing a new international airport in Agra. In June 2013, the State Government finalized on Kurikupa near Hirangaon, Tundla in Firozabad district as site for the proposed airport.[12][13] In January 2014, the Defence Ministry raised some objections to the site near Tundla.[14] The state government allocated land near Etmadpur for the proposed airport in November 2014.[15]

In 2014, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was voted to power at the Centre and the project was again shifted back to Jewar.[9] The civil aviation ministry cleared the proposal for the new airport to be set up on 2,200 acres of land in June 2015[16] The Union Ministry of Defence (moD) cleared the project in June 2016.[9] The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) on Tuesday gave in-principle approval to the Uttar Pradesh government to build the airport in May 2018.[5] In July 2017, the Union Chief Secretary for Aviation warned Uttar Pradesh government to expedite the planning process as Hisar Airport was also pushing for its competing union cabinet approval for another airport for the NCR, thus prolonging the return on investment for both airports due to still-feasible-but-diluted viability for both.[17]

With six runways, it will be India's largest and among the world's largest airports. Only the O'Hare International Airport and the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport are larger, with eight and seven runways respectively. Other existing airports with six runways are Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Logan International Airport, Boston and Denver International Airport. As of September 2019, the Indira Gandhi International Airport has the highest number of runways, three.[4]