Swachh Survekshan (Cleanliness survey) is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns across India. It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free of open defecation by 2 October 2019. The first survey was undertaken in 2016 and covered 73 cities (53 cities with a population of over a million, and all state capitals); by 2019 the survey had grown to cover 4237 cities and was said to be the largest cleanliness survey in the world. The surveys are carried out by Quality Council of India.
The survey is carried out by the Quality Council of India, which in 2017 had deployed 421 assessors for on the spot assessment of 17,500 locations in 500 cities and towns, of which 434 participated. Another 55 people regularly monitored the survey process in real time.
The criteria and weightages for different components of sanitation related aspects used for the survey were:
a) Municipal documentation (solid waste management including door-to-door collection, processing, and disposal, and open defecation free status. These carried 45 per cent of the total 2,000 marks.
Cleanliness survey experts gave 525 out of 6 thousand to the municipal corporation of Kota that is a shameful situation for the city. The Kota, a city of Rajasthan famous for IIT and Medical coaching centers and a hub of educational institutions is seriously criticized by Swachhta Mission. The city is located at the bank of the Chambal River and epic center of six government universities i.e. Rajasthan Technical University, Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), University of Kota, Agriculture University, Vardhman Mahaveer Open University, and Agriculture University. Every day tons of garbage and chemical materials are disposed into this river and none of these institutions initiated a single research project to alleviate such endangered situation and disruptions. The National Brand Ambassador of Swachh Bharat Mission Dr. DP Sharma evaluated the Swachhta status of the city in keeping view of the latest evaluation and ranking parameters and criticized the city Municipal Corporation for Swachhta management. According to his evaluation the city scored only 545 marks out of 6000 point scale. Dainik Bhaskar, a leading news paper while covered the issue and the Swachhta situation of the city. the next day more than 49 NGOs along with social activists mobilize the public and private institutions and individuals to clean the city and took the collaborative oath to keep the city neat and clean. An Allen career has created a separate cleanness brigade to support the Swachhta mission and clean the city roads and Crematoriums which is inspired by the city ambiance.
According to the 2017 survey, Gujarat had 12 cities in the top 50 clean cities followed by Madhya Pradesh with 11 and Andhra Pradesh with 8. Telangana and Tamil Nadu accounted for 4 cities each in top 50, followed by Maharashtra with 3. The worst cities were from Bihar, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh had 25 cities in the bottom of the list, with Gonda adjudged the dirtiest city in the country.