Stephen Harper

The election gave Harper's Conservatives the largest number of seats in the House, although not enough for a majority government, and shortly after midnight on January 24, Martin conceded defeat. Later that day, Martin informed Governor General Michaëlle Jean that he would resign as prime minister, and at 6:45 p.m. Jean asked Harper to form a government. Harper was sworn in as Canada's 22nd prime minister on February 6, 2006.

A banner criticizing Harper's response to the 2006 Israel–Lebanon conflict, Toronto.

Harper chose the following jurists to be appointed as justices of the Supreme Court of Canada by the governor general: