Robert E. Lee

Robert E. Lee around age 43, when he was a brevet lieutenant-colonel of engineers, c. 1850

Historian Elizabeth Brown Pryor offered an alternative interpretation of Lee's voluntary manumission of slaves in his will, and assisting slaves to a life of freedom in Liberia, seeing Lee as conforming to a "primacy of slave law". She wrote that Lee's private views on race and slavery,

Even though he scored another impressive victory over an enemy army much larger than his own, Lee felt unsatisfied by the fact that he had made little territorial gains up to that point. Things were going poorly for the Confederacy in the West, and Lee started to grow restless; he devised a plan to once again invade the North, for similar reasons to before: relieve Virginia and its citizens of the weariness of battle, and potentially march on the Federal Capital and force terms of peace.

General Lee and his Confederate officers in their first meeting since Appomattox, August 1869.
Robert Edward Lee in art at the Battle of Chancellorsville in a stained glass window of the Washington National Cathedral

According to my notion of military history there is as much instruction both in strategy and in tactics to be gleaned from General Lee's operations of 1862 as there is to be found in Napoleon's campaigns of 1796.

Military historians continue to pay attention to his battlefield tactics and maneuvering, though many think he should have designed better strategic plans for the Confederacy. He was not given full direction of the Southern war effort until late in the conflict.

Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson and Stratford Hall, Army Issue of 1936
Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, Stonewall Jackson. Stone Mountain Issue of 1970
A joint resolution to restore posthumously full rights of citizenship to General R. E. Lee
Facade view of Arlington House, the Robert E. Lee Memorial — at Arlington National Cemetery, in Virginia, pictured in 2006
Unveiling of the Equestrian Statue of Robert E. Lee, May 29, 1890, Richmond, Virginia

Several other statues and monuments to Lee were removed in the aftermath of the incident, including: