President of Angola

The president of Angola (Portuguese: Presidente de Angola) is both head of state and head of government in Angola. According to the constitution adopted in 2010, the post of prime minister is abolished; executive authority belongs to the president who has also a degree of legislative powers, as he can govern by decree.

The position of president dates from Angola's independence from Portugal. Agostinho Neto held the position when his People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) won control of the country from the Portuguese. When Neto died in 1979, José Eduardo dos Santos succeeded him.

Under Dos Santos' leadership, Angola became a multi-party state, although controlled by him. The election held in 1992 reelected Dos Santos with 49% of the votes. His opponent, Jonas Savimbi of the National Union for Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) party, claimed that the elections were fraudulent.

The Angolan president is elected by double simultaneous first-past-the-post voting for the same five years term as the assembly, renewable once. Each participating party nominate a candidate as top of its list, who must be clearly identified on the ballot paper. The top candidate of the party gathering the most votes is elected President in accordance with the 2010 Constitution[2][3] The new constitution limits a president to serving two terms, although it does not count terms served to date, and abolished the post of prime minister and introduced instead the post of vice-president.[4]

João Lourenço is the current incumbent. He ascended power on 26 September 2017.