Pratimokṣa

Buddhist traditions in East Asia typically follow the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya lineage of the pratimokṣa, and this is standard for the following Buddhist traditions:

The lay pratimokṣa consists of five vows that are also known as the Five Śīlas:

One is not obliged to take all five vows. The commentaries describe seven types of lay followers:

Only full monks and full nuns are seen as full members of the Buddhist monastic order. A group of four fully ordained monastics is seen as a sangha. The prātimokṣa tells also how to purify faults, how to solve conflicts, and deal with various situations which can happen in the sangha.