There are several ways in which approaching politics has been conceptualized.

Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022

Radical democracy is based on the idea that there are hierarchical and oppressive power relations that exist in society. Democracy's role is to make visible and challenge those relations by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making processes.

Three axis model of political ideologies with both moderate and radical versions and the goals of their policies