Polish language

Geographic language distribution maps of Poland from pre-WWII to present
Knowledge of the Polish language within parts of Europe. Polish is not a majority language anywhere outside of Poland, though Polish minority groups are present in some neighboring countries.
The Polish alphabet contains 32 letters. Q, V and X are not used in the Polish language.

Polish has traditionally been described as consisting of four or five main regional dialects:

Some additional characteristic but less widespread regional dialects include:

The following table shows the correspondence between the sounds and spelling:

Doubled letters are usually pronounced as a single, lengthened consonant, however, some speakers might pronounce the combination as two separate sounds.