Oxford English Dictionary

A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society

There were three possible ways to update it. The cheapest would have been to leave the existing work alone and simply compile a new supplement of perhaps one or two volumes, but then anyone looking for a word or sense and unsure of its age would have to look in three different places. The most convenient choice for the user would have been for the entire dictionary to be re-edited and retypeset, with each change included in its proper alphabetical place; but this would have been the most expensive option, with perhaps 15 volumes required to be produced. The OUP chose a middle approach: combining the new material with the existing supplement to form a larger replacement supplement.

The Word Detective: Searching for the Meaning of It All at the Oxford English Dictionary – A Memoir
Full title of each volume:
A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles: Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by the Philological Society
Full title of each volume:
The Oxford English Dictionary: Being a Corrected Re-issue with an Introduction, Supplement and Bibliography, of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles: Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by the Philological Society