Mukhya Upanishads

Mukhya Upanishads, also known as Principal Upanishads, are the most ancient and widely studied Upanishads of Hinduism. Composed between 800 BCE to the start of common era, these texts are connected to the Vedic tradition.[1]

While some early colonial-era Indologists listed 10 Upanishads as Mukhya Upanishads, most scholars now consider the Principal Upanishads to be thirteen.[2][3][4]

The founders of the three major schools of Vedanta (Adi Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhvacharya) wrote bhāṣyas (commentaries) on the first ten of these Principal Upanishads. The adjective mukhya means "principal", "chief", or "primary". The Mukhya Upanishads are accepted as śruti by all Hindus, or the most important scriptures of Hinduism.[5]