Khwaja Ghulam Farid

Khawaja Ghulam Farid Koreja (Punjabi: خواجہ غُلام فرید کُوریجہ) or Khawaja Farid (1845–1901) was a 19th-century Punjabi Sufi poet of the Indian subcontinent.[2] He was a scholar and writer who knew several different languages. He belonged to Chishti–Nizami Sufi order. He was known for his work in the Punjabi Language and popularizing a language which is regarded as one of the sweetest languages of the present time.

His mother died when he was four years old and he was orphaned around the age of twelve when his father, Khawaja Khuda Bakhsh, died. He was then brought up by his elder brother, Khawaja Fakhr-ud-Din aka Khawaja Fakhr Jehan Sain, and grew up to become a scholar and writer. He mastered Punjabi, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi, and Braj Bhasha, and also wrote kafi poems in Punjabi, Urdu, Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha languages.

Nawab Sadeq Mohammad Khan V of Bahawalpur took Khawaja Ghulam Farid Koreja to his palace at Ahmadpur Sharqia for his religious education by a scholar, when he was 8 years old. His elder brother Khawaja Fakhr-ud-Din Koreja who had brought him up after his parents' deaths, also died when Khawaja Ghulam Farid Koreja was 28 years old. Khawaja Ghulam Farid then left for Rohi area or Cholistan Desert and lived 18 years there for a “Chila” which in the Sufi language is known as “Divine Worship” or “Selfless Worship to Allah”.

Khawaja Ghulam Farid Koreja performed Hajj, Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, in 1876.

In his poetry, he frequently uses the symbolism of a desert. Talking about how beautiful the desert is and how it attracted him to stay there for 18 years and how he believed that made him feel close to Muhammad. Sometimes he touched the topic of political affairs, opposing the British rule in Bahawalpur state writing a letter to the Nawab of Bahawalpur and also mentioning it in some of his poetry.