Karaitivu (Jaffna)

Karaitivu (Tamil: காரைதீவு, romanized: Kāraitīvu; Sinhala: කරඩූව Karaḍūva) is an island off the coast of Jaffna peninsula in northern Sri Lanka, located approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-west of the city of Jaffna. Karaitivu means "the island of karai shrubs" in Tamil and is derived from the Tamil words karai (Webera tetrandra, a thorny shrub from the Rubiaceae family) and tivu (island).[3] Known as Amsterdam during Dutch colonial rule, the island has an area of 22.95 square kilometres (8.86 sq mi).[1][4] The island is divided into nine village officer divisions whose combined population was 9,576 at the 2012 census.[2]

Karaitivu is connected to Jaffna peninsula by a causeway and there is a ferry service from Kayts on the neighbouring island of Velanaitivu.[5][6] Karainagar is the main settlement on the island.[7] The popular Casuarina Beach is located on the island.[8]