List of minor Old Testament figures, A–K
This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.
Aalar, in the King James Version, appears in 1 Esdras 5:36, as one of those who came up from "Thermeleth and Thelersas" who could not show their genealogical records. Instead of Aalar, the NRSV reads Immer.
Abdeel (Ab'dē el) (Hebrew עַבְדְּאֵל "slave of God"; akin to Arabic عبد الله Abdullah) is mentioned in Jeremiah as the father of Shelemiah, one of three men who were commanded by King Jehoiakim to seize the prophet Jeremiah and his secretary Baruch. The Septuagint omits the phrase "and Shelemiah son of Abdeel", probably a scribal error due to homoioteleuton.
The name Abdi (Hebrew עַבְדִּי) is probably an abbreviation of Obediah, meaning "servant of YHWH", according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Easton's Bible Encyclopedia, on the other hand, holds that it means "my servant". The name "Abdi" appears three times in forms of the Bible that are in use among Jews, Protestants, and Roman Catholics. There is also one additional appearance in 1 Esdras, considered canonical in Eastern Orthodox Churches.
According to Cheyne and Black (1899), the two mentions in the Books of Chronicles are of a single individual, and the mentions in Ezra and 1 Esdras are of a second individual.
Abdon (Hebrew עַבְדּוֹן from עָבַד "to serve") is the name of four biblical individuals. It is a diminutive form of the name Ebed.
In addition to its use as a personal name, the proper name "Abdon" is used for a Levitical city mentioned in Joshua 21:30 and 1 Chronicles 6:74 (6:59 in the New American Bible (Revised Edition)).
Abida, Abidah or Abeida, a son of Midian and descendant of Abraham and Keturah, appears twice in the Bible, in Genesis 25:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:33. The sons of Abraham's concubines were sent away to the east with gifts from Abraham.
Abinadab (Hebrew אֲבִינָדָב "my father apportions" or "the father [i.e. god of the clan] is munificent") refers to four biblical characters. Where the Hebrew text reads Avinadav, Greek manuscripts of the Septuagint read Am(e)inadab or Abin. but Brenton's translation of the Septuagint reads "Abinadab".
Abiel (Hebrew אֲבִיאֵל "my father is God") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
The name Abitub or Abitob appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in 1 Chronicles 8:11, where it is used for a character said to be the son of Shaharaim, in a section on the descendants of Benjamin.
Mentioned only in Esther , Adalia is the fifth of the Persian noble Haman's ten sons. Adalia was slain along with his nine siblings in Susa. In various manuscripts of the Septuagint, his name is given as Barsa, Barel, or Barea.
Adbeel (Hebrew אַדְבְּאֵל "disciplined by God") Nadbeel or Idiba'ilu, was the third son of Ishmael out of twelve. (Genesis ) The name Adbeel is associated with the personal name and northwest tribe in Arabia known as Idiba'ilu, whom Tiglath-Pileser conquered in the 8th century BCE. (Kenneth A. Mathews, 2005, p. 361)[clarification needed]
Adlai is in Hebrew עַדְלָי, meaning "refuge". In 1 Chronicles , he is the father of Shaphat, and the grandfather of the prophet Elisha. He is mentioned only in this verse.
Mentioned only in Esther , Admatha is an advisor to Ahasuerus of Persia. According to one theory, the verse has suffered from scribal error, and as it originally stood Admatha was instead Hamdatha, not an adviser to Ahaseurus but the father of Haman.
Adna is the name of two biblical characters. The first is one of the men in the Book of Ezra who took foreign wives. The second is a priest, named as the head of the priestly family Harim in the time of Joiakim.
Aduel, according to the Book of Tobit 1:1, was the great-grandfather of Tobit. The Book of Tobit is included in some Christian Bibles, but it is not included in Bibles historically used by Jews and most Protestants. Cheyne and Black claim that "Aduel" is "no doubt another form of Adiel."
Agee was the father of Shammah, who was one of David's mighty men (). Based on interpretations of and Agee was either the grandfather of Jonathan or his brother. According to Cheyne and Black, his name is a scribal mistake, and should read "Ela"; he is the same as the Ela mentioned in 1 Kings 4:18.
Ahab (Hebrew: אָחאַב, which means "brother/father") is the name of at least two biblical figures:
In 1 Chronicles , Aharhel (Hebrew אֲחַרְחֵל "behind the rampart") is the son of Harum of the tribe of Judah.
Ahilud is the father of Jehoshaphat, who serves as court recorder to David (2 Samuel ) and Solomon (1 Kings ). In 1 Kings , Ahilud is the father of Baana, an official in Solomon's court sent to gather provisions in Taanach and Megiddo, and Beth Shan.
Ahinadab (Hebrew: אחינדב Ahinadav "my brother Is noble" or "my brother has devoted himself"), son of Iddo, is one of the twelve commissariat officers appointed by Solomon to districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. He was appointed to the district of Mahanaim (1 Kings 4:14), east of Jordan.
Ahishahar is the name given to a third-generation descendant of Benjamin (the eponymous forefather of the Tribe of Benjamin) in 1 Chronicles 7:10. This figure is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.
Ahishar (אחישר in Hebrew; meaning Brother of song, or singer), the officer who was "over the household" of Solomon (1 Kings ).
Ahuzzath or Ahuzzah is the name given to an associate of Abimelech, king of Gerar, in Genesis 26:26. According to the Book of Genesis, Ahuzzath accompanied Abimelech when Abimelech went to make a treaty with Isaac. He is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.
Ahzai (KJV Ahasai) is a name which appears only in Nehemiah 11:13, where it is mentioned in passing. The verse refers to a priest, called "Amashsai son of Azarel son of Ahzai son of Meshillemoth son of Immer." In the parallel name in 1 Chronicles 9:12, the name "Jahzerah" replaces "Ahzai."
Aidias, a descendant of Ela, appears in 1 Esdras 9:27 as one of the men found to have married foreign women. 1 Esdras appears in some Christian Bibles, but not in the Bibles used by Jews and most Protestants. In the parallel verse in the Book of Ezra, 10:26, the name "Elijah" is found.
In Ezra , Akkub is the head of a family of Nethinim. In 1 Chronicles , Akkub is a son of Elionenai, a descendant of Solomon living in the Kingdom of Judah. In 1 Chronicles , Ezra , Nehemiah and Nehemiah , Akkub is listed as one of the Levite gatekeepers of Jerusalem after the return from the Babylonian captivity.
In 1 Chronicles , Allon is the son of Jedaiah, of the family of the Simeonites, who expelled the Hamites from the valley of Gedor.
In Amos , Amaziah is a priest of Bethel who confronts Amos and rejects his prophesying against king Jeroboam II. As a result, Amos is led to prophesy the doom of Amaziah's family, the loss of his land and his death in exile. Jonathan Magonet has described Amaziah as 'a spiritual leader who believed in his own power and could not risk hearing the word of God'.
A person mentioned in the Old Testament in Song of Solomon , whose chariots were famed for their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin "my willing people," and in the Revised Version "my princely people."
Amon (Hebrew: אמן 'Amon) was a city governor in the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Ahab
Amzi ('am-tsee') is a masculine Hebrew name meaning "my strength" or "strong." Two individuals with this name are mentioned in the Bible:
Anaiah, a name meaning "Yahweh has answered," appears only twice in the Hebrew Bible, with both appearances in Nehemiah. The first appearance describes Ezra, a Jewish reformer, standing up to give a speech, with thirteen other people standing beside him. Anaiah is listed as one of those standing by. The second appearance of the name is in a list of people who signed a covenant between God and the Jewish people.
Anan was one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the return from Babylon (). While "Anan" (which means "Cloud") never became a very common name, a much later person so named - Anan Ben David (c. 715 - c. 795) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.
Anani is a name which appears in a genealogy in Chronicles. It refers to a descendant of Zerubbabel. According to the Masoretic Text Anani was born six generations after Zerubbabel. For scholars, this six-generation span after Zerubbabel is the terminus a quo for the date of Chronicles—it implies that Chronicles could not have been written earlier than about 400 BCE. In the Septuagint, Anani is listed as eleven generations removed from Zerubbabel. For scholars who believe that the Septuagint reading for Anani's genealogy is correct, this places the earliest possible date for the writing of Chronicles at about 300 BCE.
Anthothijah is a name which appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical section listing descendants of Benjamin. It is most likely an adjective used to describe a female person from the town of Anathoth. Manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint give the name as Anothaith, Anathothia, Athein, or Anathotha.
Appaim is a minor figure who appears in 1 Chronicles 2:30 and 31. He appears briefly in a genealogy of Jerahmeelites, in which he is the father Ishi, son of Appaim, son of Nadab, son of Shammai, son of Onam, son of Jerahmeel. In manuscripts of the Septuagint, he is called Ephraim, Aphphaim, or Opheim.
Arah is the name of two minor biblical figures. The name may mean "wayfarer."
Asareel, according to a genealogical passages in the Book of Chronicles, was the son of a figure named Jehaleleel or Jehallelel. Asareel and Jehaleleel are mentioned only briefly, in a section of the genealogies adjacent to the descendants of Caleb, although the relationship between them and the descendants of Caleb is uncertain.
Asiel is listed as one of the descendants of Simeon in 1 Chronicles 4:35.
Assir was a son of Korah of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. It was also the firstborn son of Jehoiachin, King of Judah. Perhaps there is enough ambiguity here to assume that "Assir" is actually an adjective. The text is too vague to be certain... i.e. 1 Chronicles 3:17. Jehoiachin was the last free king of Judah before being led off to captivity... "prisoner" could be a more descriptive use of "Assir" as opposed to the name of a son. Maybe.
Athlai, a descendant of Bebai, is listed in the book of Ezra as one of the men who married foreign women. The name is a contraction of "Athaliah." In the equivalent list in 1 Esdras, the name "Amatheis" or "Ematheis" appears in the same place.
Azaliah is mentioned in passing as the father of the scribe Shaphan in 2 Kings 22:3 and the copy of the same verse found in 2 Chronicles 34:8. The name means "Yahweh has reserved."
Azariah (Hebrew – עזריהו azaryahu "God Helped"), son of Nathan, was appointed by King Solomon to be over his deputies. I Kings 4:5. For Azariah the priest see Azariah (high priest).
Azmaveth of Baharim was one of David's mighty warriors mentioned in 2 Samuel 23:31, and father of Jeziel and Pelet according to 1 Chronicles 12:3. In 1 Chronicles 27:25, Azmaveth the son of Adiel is mentioned as responsible for the king’s treasuries.
Barzillai [ברזלי "Iron-like"] the Gileadite of Rogelim was 80 years old at the time of Absalom's revolt against King David. Barzillai supplied provisions for David's army at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 17:27–29). After the death of Absalom, being an old man, he was unable to accompany the king back to Jerusalem, but brought Chimham to David for the return journey (2 Samuel 19:31–37).
Ben Abinadab (Hebrew בנ אבינדב BeN ,'aḄYNaDaḄ "My Father is Liberal"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Dor, and he was married to Taphath, a daughter of Solomon. I Kings 4:11 (RSV).
Ben Dekar (Hebrew בנ דקר BeN DeQeR "Son of Pick"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan. I Kings 4:9 (RSV).
Ben Geber (Hebrew בנ גבר BeN GeḄeR "Son of He-Man"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was responsible for Ramoth-Gilead and Argob (1 Kings 4:13).
Ben Hesed (Hebrew בנ חסד ben hesed "Son of Grace"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Aruboth, Sochoh, and Hepher. I Kings 4:10 (RSV).
Ben Hur (Hebrew בנ חור Ben Hur "Son of Hur") was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ephraim. I Kings 4:8 (RSV).
Bidkar (Hebrew: בדקר) was an officer of the Israelite king Jehu. Jehu ordered Bidkar to throw the body of the king he usurped, Jehoram, into the field of Naboth, fulfilling prophecy. II Kings 9:25
The name Bigvai occurs several times in Ezra-Nehemiah (Ezra 2:2, 14, 8:14, Nehemiah 7:7, 19 and 10:16). In the last of these he is one of the "leaders of the people". By 408 B.C. the Elephantine papyri show that Sanballat was the governor of Samaria, and Bigvai the governor of Jerusalem but Wright says that "it is not suggested that any of these [referred to in Ezra-Nehemiah] is the man who later became governor.
This is about the Caleb mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 2:18. For the better-known Caleb son of Jephunneh, see Caleb.
Carshena or Karshena is a name which appears in a list of high-ranking officials in the court of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:14. It is derived from the Persian warkačīnā, meaning "wolfish."
Chalcol the son of Darda (Hebrew כלכל kalkol – the same consonants with different vowel points (kilkayl) mean "maintain") is listed in 1 Kings 4:31 as an example of a very wise man who is, nevertheless, not as wise as Solomon. Another person with the same Hebrew name (though spelled "Calcol" in the King James Version) is listed in 1 Chronicles as the son of Zerah, the son of Judah (son of Jacob).
Chelluh, Cheluhi, or Cheluhu is the name given in Ezra 10:35 for one of the men who married foreign women.
Two individuals by the name of Chelub are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Chenaniah, according to Chronicles, was a Levite leader in the time of David. The Hebrew text is unclear as to whether he was in charge of something to do with singing or with the carrying of the ark.
Delaiah (דליהו "drawn out by YHWH"). is the name of several biblical persons:
Deuel (Hebrew דְּעוּאֵל) was the father of Eliasaph the leader of the Tribe of Gad, as noted in four verses in the Book of Numbers: Numbers 1:14; 7:42,47; 10:20. However, in Numbers 2:14 this Eliasaph is called "the son of Reuel."
Dibri, a Danite, was the father of Shelomith, according to Leviticus 24:11. Shelomith's son was stoned to death by the people of Israel for blasphemy following Moses' issue of a ruling on the penalty to be applied for blasphemy.
Dishan (Hebrew דִּישׁוֹן dishon) was the youngest son of Seir the Horite. (Genesis 36:21)
Dodo (Hebrew דּוֹדוֹ dodo "his beloved" or "his uncle" from דּוֹד dod meaning "beloved" or "father's brother") is a name given to three persons in the Bible:
Ebed-melech (Hebrew: עבד-מלך eved-melekh "slave of the king"), the Ethiopian eunuch, intervened with king Zedekiah on behalf of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:7ff)
Eder was a Benjaminite chief (Ader in the King James Version) (1 Chronicles 8:15)
Elasah or Eleasah (Hebrew: אלעשה meaning 'made by God') was the name of four individuals mentioned in the Bible:
Eldaah appears as one of the sons of Midian (son of Abraham) in Genesis 25:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:33.
Elead appears in 1 Chronicles 7:21 as the name of a man who, along with his brother Ezer, is killed by farmers near Philistine the city of Gath. It is unclear whether Elead is intended by the Chronicler as the son or a later descendant of Ephraim, and it is likewise uncertain whether this Elead is the same figure as the Eleadah mentioned in the previous verse.
Eliada (rendered once as Eliadah by the King James Bible) is the name of three individuals in the Hebrew Bible.
Eliakim is the name of 2 different paternal ancestors of Saint Joseph:
Eliphal son of Ur is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:35. In the corresponding place in Samuel's version of the list (2 Samuel 23:34), he is called "Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maachathite." According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name "Eliphal" (Hebrew lypl ) is copyist's error for "Eliphelet" ( lyplt ) caused by dropping the final letter in the name.
Eliathah is the name given in 1 Chronicles 25:4 to one of the "fourteen sons" of Heman. According to 25:27, he gave his name to one of the twenty-four classes of temple singers.
Elienai, one of the nine sons of Shimei, appears in a genealogical passage as a descendant of Benjamin in 1 Chronicles 8:20. The consonants which make up the Hebrew name are only in this one passage read as Elienai; elsewhere the pronunciation is Elioenai.
Elihoreph (Hebrew אליחרף) was a scribe in King Solomon's court. He was a son of Shisha and brother of Ahiah. (I Kings: 4:3) The name means "'my God repays,' or 'my God is the giver of the autumn harvest,'".
Elimelech was the husband of Naomi. Together they had two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. He was originally a resident of Bethlehem before moving to Moab with his family, where he died (see ). All of his property was later purchased by Boaz (see ).
Elioenai is the name of several minor persons found in the Hebrew Bible.
Elishama (Hebrew: אלישמע my God heard) was the name of several biblical characters, including:
Elizur was a son of Shedeur and a prince of the House of Reuben according to Numbers 1:5, and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel. He appears only in the Book of Numbers, in five verses (1:5; 2:10; 7:30, 35; 10:18).
Elnaam, according to 1 Chronicles 11:46, was the father of Jeribai and Joshaviah, two of David's Mighty Warriors.
Elnathan (Hebrew אלנתן Elnathan "God gave") is a Hebrew name found in 2 Kings, Jeremiah and Ezra.
According to , Elnathan ben Achbor of Jerusalem was the father of Nehushta. Nehushta was the mother of king Jeconiah, whose father was king Jehoiakim. Despite this close relationship to the king, Elnathan is one of those who, according to Jeremiah opposes Jehoiakim when he cuts up and burns a scroll that had been brought to him, containing Jeremiah's prophesies of the forthcoming destruction of Judah. Elnathan's father Achbor was a strong supporter of the earlier reforms of king Josiah, which may have influenced Elnathan's behavior, although according to Jeremiah he had earlier been closely involved in the persecution of the prophet Uriah ben Shemaiah.Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, which were teachers.
According to Donna Laird, the repetition of Elnathan, and the similarity between the names Jarib and Joiarib, may indicate a copyist's accidental repetition.
Elpaal is a name mentioned briefly in 1 Chronicles 8, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. He is recorded as the son of a woman named Hushim, the wife of a man named Shaharaim. The relationship between Shaharaim and Benjamin is not spelled out by the Chronicler. Elpaal is recorded as the father of people who included the builders or ancestors of the towns of Ono, Lod, and Ajalon.
Elzaphan was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Mishael were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab's and Abihu's bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4). In the wilderness of Sinai he was named chief of the house of Kohath (Numbers 3:30).
Enan is mentioned several by way of reference to his son, "Ahira the son of Enan," who according to the Book of Numbers was the tribal leader of the Tribe of Naphtali in the time of the wilderness wanderings following the Exodus.
Ephlal is the name given to a Jerahmeelite found a genealogy in 1 Chronicles. He is identified as the son of Zabad, the son of Nathan, the son of Attai, the son of Jarha, the son-in-law of Sheshan, the son of Ishi, the son of Appaim, the son of Nadab, the son of Shammai, the son of Onam, the son of Jerahmeel. In various manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, the name is found in the forms Aphamel, Aphamed, and Ophlad. Stanley Arthur Cook (1899) suggested that the name might originally have been either an abbreviated form of Eliphelet, or else the name "Elpaal."
Ephron the Hittite, son of Zohar, lived in Mamre among the children of Heth. Abraham comes to the Hittites, which are strangers to him, and asks them to sell him a property that he can use as a burial site. The Hittites, flattering Abraham by calling him a mighty prince says that he can choose whichever tomb he wants (Genesis 23:1–8). Abraham then asks them to contact Ephron son of Zohar who owns the cave of Machpelah which he is offering to buy for "the full price". Ephron slyly replies that he is prepared to give Abraham the field and the cave within in, knowing that that would not result in Abraham having a permanent claim of it. Abraham politely refuses the offer and insists on paying for the field. Ephron replies that the field is worth four hundred shekels of silver and Abraham agrees to the price without any further bargaining. He then proceeded to bury his dead wife Sarah there ().
Ethnan, the son of Ashur the father of Tekoa, is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He may be included in the genealogy to represent Ithnan, a Judahite city mentioned in Joshua 15:23.
Ezrah is the father of Jether, Mered, Epher and Jalon, grandfather (through Mered) of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah, and great-grandfather (through Ishbah) of Eshtemoa (1 Chr. )
Gatam is a name which appears in Genesis and Chronicles in a genealogy of the Edomites. In Genesis 36:11 and 1 Chronicles 1:36, Gatam is described the "son" of Eliphaz, the son of Esau (who is according to the Bible the forefather of the Edomites). In the passages which describe Gatam as a "son" of Eliphaz, he is listed alongside his "brothers": Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Kenaz according to Genesis; a similar but slightly larger list of brothers in Chronicles (Chronicles includes Amalek as a brother of Gatam). However, in Genesis 36:16, Gatam and Amalek (along with a previously unmentioned Korah) are described not as individual sons but as "clans" of Eliphaz.
In the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible, two individuals by the name of Gazez appear in 1 Chronicles 2:46. However, the Peshitta includes only one Gazez, and at least one biblical scholar has suggested that the second Gazez may have been included in the Masoretic Text by mistake.
Geber (Hebrew: גבר, geber), son of Uri, was one of King Solomon's regional administrators; his territory was Gilead. (First Kings 4:19)
Gemariah (Hebrew: גמריה) is the name of at least two biblical characters:
Ginath is a name which is mentioned only in passing in a narrative describing the struggle for kingship between Omri and Tibni. Tibni is referred to in 1 Kings 16:21 and 22 as "son of Ginath," which taken literally, could be read as implying that a person named Ginath was Tibni's father. However, the Encyclopaedia Biblica suggests that the term "Ginath" is a place-name or clan-name, so that "Tibni son of Ginath" has the meaning "Tibni of Ginath."
Gideoni (Hebrew: גִּדְעֹנִי) was a member of the tribe of Benjamin according to Numbers 1:11. He was the father of Abidan, a tribal chief. He is mentioned five times in the Book of Numbers, with each reference stating his relation to Abidan (, , , , .) His name is variously understood as meaning "one with a disabled hand," "a youth," or "one who cuts down trees."
Haahashtari or Ahashtari was one of the sons of Naarah, one of the two wives of Asshur (1 Chronicles 4:6). Because the name is used to refer to a family of Judahites who descend from Judah via Ashhur, Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name "Haahashtari" arose from a confusion between Ha-Ashhuri ("the Ashhurite") with the obscure term ahashtranim which appears in Esther 8:10.
Habaiah (also called Hobaiah or Obdia) was the name given to a priestly family mentioned in Ezra 2:61: the b'ne habayah (literally "sons/descendants of Habaiah"). Along with the families Hakkoz and Barzillai, the Habaiah family were priests whose names were not registered in the official genealogical records. As a result, Ezra ruled that their rights to serve as priests would be restricted until such time as a high priest could decide, using the oracular Urim and Thummim, whether they had divine approval to serve as priests.
Habazziniah or Habaziniah was either the head of a family of Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:3), or else a place name for the location that a Rechabite lived. According to Cheyne and Black, it may have been a scribal error where the name "Kabzeel," a place in the territory of Judah, was originally intended."
According to I Kings 11:23, Hadadezer (Hebrew: הדדעזר hadad'ezer "Hadad helps") was king of Zobah.
Hagab (also Agaba, Accaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian exile. They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:46, but are omitted in the corresponding place in Nehemiah 7:48. A Hellenized version of this name appears in a similar context in 1 Esdras 5:30. In the New Testament, a prophet who appears in Acts 11:28 and 21:10 is named Agabus, a variant on the name Hagab.
Hagab is a different character from Hagabah, which appears in the preceding verse.
Hagabah (also Hagaba, Graba, or Aggaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian captivity. They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:45, Nehemiah 7:48, and 1 Esdras 5:29.
Hakkatan (also Acatan, Akatan), meaning "the small one," is listed as the father of Johanan, a leader of the descendants of Azgad in Ezra 8:12 and 1 Esdras 8:38. Other than these two verses, the name Hakkatan appears nowhere in the Bible.
Hallohesh or Halohesh is a name which is used twice in the Bible. In a list of workers building the wall of Nehemiah, a man named "Shallum son of Hallohesh" is mentioned as having a leadership role. Also in the Book of Nehemiah, a person named Hallohesh is recorded as affixing his seal (an ancient form of signature) to Ezra's covenant between God and the people living around Jerusalem.
Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name Hallohesh was a miswritten version of the name Hash-shilhi, (Shilhi).
Hammoleketh or Hammolecheth is the sister of Machir, the eponymous ancestor of the tribe or clan of Machir (biblical region) Machir, which is reckoned as a part of the tribe of Manasseh in 1 Chronicles 7. The name appears to mean "she who reigns" if it is not a scribal error for some other name, such as Beth-Milcah.
Hammelech, in the King James Version is the name of the father of Jerahmeel (Jeremiah 36:26), and it is the name of the father of Malkijah (Jeremiah 38:6). In a number of more recent translations, the Hebrew ha-melekh is taken as the common noun "the king" instead of the proper noun "Hammelech."
Hananiah (Hebrew: חנניה, which means "My Grace is the Lord") is the name of several biblical characters:
According to Cheyne and Black, the presence of this clan name in the genealogies of Reuben and Midian may indicate that the clan Hanoch was considered a part of the Tribe of Reuben but had a Midianite origin.
Harbona or Harbonah is the name given for one the eunuchs of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:10 and 7:9.
Hareph, according to 1 Chronicles 2:51, was a descendant of Caleb and the father of Beth-gader. The name "Hareph" in this case may refer to a group of people otherwise referred to by the term Hariphite.
Harhaiah, in the Masoretic Text of Nehemiah 3:8, is mentioned in passing, as being the father of Uzziel, a man responsible for the repair of part of the wall of Jerusalem. The awkward phrasing of the verse suggested to Stanley A. Cook (1899) that there had been some scribal mishandling of the verse, and that the verse originally did not contain the name "Harhaiah."
Harhas, according to 2 Kings 22:14 and 2 Chronicles 34:22, was an ancestor of Shallum, the husband of the prophetess Huldah. However, where the Book of Kings has "Harhas," the Book of Chronicles reads "Hasrah."
Harim (Hebrew: חָרִם; "destroyed" or "dedicated to God") was the name of three biblical patriarchs:
Harum is recorded as the father of Aharhel in 1 Chronicles 4:8, which lists him as an ancestor of several clans in the Tribe of Judah.
Hasadiah is listed as one of the sons of Zerubabel in 1 Chronicles 3:20, and is therefore a member of the royal lineage of the Judahite kings.
Because the name often appears in lists without any detailed description, it is sometimes difficult to tell whether different verses that use the name are referring to the same Hashabiah or to distinct persons. The following list of nine individuals is the number listed in the Encyclopaedia Biblica, although the encyclopedia does not claim that precisely nine people of this name are mentioned:
Hashabnah is the name given for one of the men who signed the covenant between the people of Judah and God in Nehemiah 10:25 (verse 26 in some Bibles). According to Cheyne and Black, the name is likely a miswritten form of "Hashabniah."
Hasrah, according to 2 Chronicles 34:22, is the name of an ancestor of Shallum, the husband of the prophetess Huldah. However, where the Book of Chronicles has "Hasrah", 2 Kings 22:14 has "Harhas".
The descendants of Hattil (also called Agia or Hagia) are listed in Ezra 2:57 and Nehemiah 7:59 as a group of people returning from the Babylonian captivity (see Ezra–Nehemiah). They are categorized by Ezra as being descendants of "Solomon's servants" (see Nethinim). In the Greek text of 1 Esdras 5:34, a closely related work, Hattil is referred to as Agia or Hagia.
Heber or Chéver (Hebrew: חֶבֶר / חָבֶר, Modern Ḥéver / Ḥáver Tiberian Ḥéḇer / Ḥāḇer, "friend", "connected") is the grandson of the patriarch Asher mentioned at Genesis and in Numbers . Heber probably should not be confused with the Eber who was Abraham's ancestor.
Helkai is a name used in Nehemiah 12:15, in a list of priestly clan leaders in the "days of Joiakim." The text refers to Helkai as leading a clan named Meraioth. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name is an abbreviated form of "Hilkiah."
Hemam or Homam is the name of the son of Lotan and grandson of Seir the Horite, according to Genesis 36:22 and 1 Chronicles 1:39.
Henadad is a biblical name which appears only in Ezra–Nehemiah. In a passage which describes the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, two "sons of Henadad", Bavai and Binnui, are named as taking responsibility for portions of the wall. Binnui reappears later, where he is described as a Levite and as one of the signatories of the covenant between Ezra, God, and the people of Judah. The "sons of Henadad," though without any specific individuals named, are mentioned in also in Ezra 3:9, a "difficult passage".
This section is about the minor biblical figures named Hezekiah. For the king Hezekiah, see Hezekiah.
Hezekiah is the name of three minor figures in the Hebrew Bible. In some Bibles the variant spellings Hizkiah and Hizkijah occur.
Hiel the Bethelite (Heb. אֲחִיאֵל, חִיאֵל; "the [divine] brother, or kinsman, is God")) rebuilt Jericho during the reign of King Ahab. (I Kings 16:34)
Hiram (Hebrew: חירם Ḥiram) of Tyre, son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali whose father was a craftsman in bronze, was given the metal work of King Soloman's temple. I Kings 7:13–14. According to The Interpreter's Bible, Hiram is a shortened form of אחירם ('aḥîrām, "brother of Ram [the lofty one].")
Hobab was Moses' father-in-law (Judges ) and the son of Moses's father-in-law (Numbers ), Jethro. The relevant part of Numbers 10:29 reads: "And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law". Reuel (or Raguel) and Jethro were different persons from different narratives of the same events (the Bible isn't coherent). That of Judges 4:11 reads: "Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses". Moses invited Hobab to take part in the Exodus journey into the Promised Land, wanting to make use of his local knowledge, but Hobab preferred to return home to Midian (Numbers ). Briefly, Hobab, Reuel/Raguel, and Jethro were all Moses' father-in-law.
Hori is the personal name of two biblical individuals, as well as being the Hebrew term for a Horite.
Hotham is the name for two individuals found in the BIble. A Hotham appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher in 1 Chronicles 7:32, but this individual is referred to as "Helem" in verse 35. Another Hotham, though the KJV calls him Hothan, can be found in 1 Chronicles 11:44, where his sons Shama and Jeiel are listed among David's Mighty Warriors. This second Hotham is called an Aroerite.
Hothir is listed as a son of David's "seer" Heman in 1 Chronicles 25:4 and 28.
Huppim (חופים) or Hupham (חופם) was the ninth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.
Hushim, according to Genesis 46:23, was the name of the sons of Dan, listed among the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. Numbers 26:42 calls Dan's son Shuham, and his descendants the Shuhamites. The Talmud names him as the murderer of Esau.
Huzzab is either a name or a word which appears in Nahum 2:7 (verse 8 in some Bibles). In a passage in which Nahum is predicting the fall of Nineveh, the prophet says, "Huzzab shall be led away captive" in the King James Version. However, a number of more contemporary versions since the late nineteenth century have interpreted the word as a verb, meaning "and it has been decreed."
Ibneiah is the name given in Chronicles to a leader of a clan in the Tribe of Benjamin which returned to Yehud Medinata after the Babylonian captivity. The same character is referred to as "Gabbai" in the parallel passage in Nehemiah.
Ibnijah is a figure who is mentioned indirectly in 1 Chronicles 9:8, by way of his descendant "Meshullam, son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah." He was a Benjamite.
Igdaliah (Hebrew yigdalyahu) is mentioned in passing as the father of a man named Hanan in Jeremiah 35:3. According to the Book of Jeremiah, the sons or descendants of Hanan son of Igdaliah had their own chamber in the temple at Jerusalem, which was the site of the famous object-lesson concerning Jeremiah and the Rechabites. The Encyclopaedia Biblica claimed that the name Igdaliah was most likely a mistaken form of the name Gedaliah.
Imla (Hebrew – ימלא, "whom God will fill up" ), the father of Micaiah, which latter was the prophet who foretold the defeat of the allied kings of Judah and Israel against Ramoth-gilead (2 Chron 18:7–8). In the parallel passage (1 Kings 22:8–9) his name is written Imlah.
Imnah was a levite, the father of Kore, who was responsible for distributing the freewill offerings of the Temple in the time of King Hezekiah ().
Ira the Jairite was David's priest or chief minister after Sheba's rebellion. He is described as David's priest by the English Standard Version and New International Version, his chief ruler by the King James Version and his chief minister by the New King James Version.
Iram is a name which appears in Genesis 36:43. In the Masoretic Text as it now stands, Iram is identified as a "tribal leader" (Hebrew alluph) of Edom. However, Thomas Kelly suggests that originally the text may have identified Iram and the other "tribal leaders" as the names not of individuals, but of clans, using the Hebrew word eleph to mean "clan."
Irijah (Hebrew יראייה yiriyyah) is an official who arrests Jeremiah on suspicion of desertion.
For the "Ishbah, father of Eshtemoa" mentioned in 1 Chronicles, see List of minor biblical tribes § Ishbah.
Ishbi-benob is a name which appears in the Qere of the Masoretic Text at 2 Samuel 21:16. Qere is the term for the version of the text traditionally read aloud in synagogues. The Ketiv, the version written but not read aloud, reads somewhat differently, in a manner that suggested to Thomas Kelly Cheyne that the opening words of the verse were not the name of the giant, but words that indicated that David and his soldiers stayed in (the city of) Nob. Whatever the case with the Ketiv, the Qere as it now stands asserts that Ishbi-benob was the name of a Philistine giant, who was killed by Abishai son of Zeruiah. Gesenius interprets his name as meaning "dweller upon the height". In Brenton's Septuagint Translation, his name is given as Jesbi, the progeny of Rapha.
Ishmerai is a biblical figure mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 8:18, where he is called "the son of Elpaal" in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. He may be the same character as the "Shemer" or "Shemed" mentioned in 1 Chronicles 8:12.
Ishpan is a figure who appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical passage describing the people of the Tribe of Benjamin. 1 Chronicles 8 calls him the son of Shashak, the son of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim.
Ittai (and in Chronicles, Ithai once) is the name given one or two biblical figures:
Izhar son of Hela is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He is called Izhar according to the variant reading known as Qere. According to the Ketiv his name is Zohar. The King James Version calls him Jezoar.
Jaareshiah (KJV Jaresiah) is a name which appears only 1 Chronicles 8:27, where Jaaresiah is identified as one of the sons of Jeroham. The text does not identify any information about Jeroham's parentage, but the passage is part of a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.
Jaasiel (Jasiel) is the name of one of David's Mighty Warriors. He is referred to in Hebrew as hammitsovayah, which has been variously translated as "the Mezobaite," "the Mesobaite," or "from Zobah." A "Jaasiel son of Abner" is listed as a Benjamite leader in 1 Chronicles 27:21, who may be the same person.
For the Jahmai of 1 Chronicles 7:2, see List of minor biblical tribes § Jahmai.
Jakeh is a name that appears only in Proverbs 30:1, where part of the Book of Proverbs is ascribed to a man called "Agur son of Jakeh". Franz Delitzsch proposed that the name "Jakeh" means "scrupulously pious."
Janai (Jaanai) is a name that appears only 1 Chronicles 5:12, where Janai is listed as a descendant of Gad. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name represents the name of a clan within the Tribe of Gad.
This section is about individuals named Jakim. For the priestly division named Jakim, see the priestly division of Jakim.
Jakim is the name of one individual mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, as well as one individual mentioned in some manuscripts of the New Testament's Gospel of Matthew. In a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin, in 1 Chronicles 24:12, a Jakim appears, as the son of Shimei (who is referred to as Shema in verse 13). In some Greek manuscripts of Matthew, a Jakim appears between Josiah and Jechoniah in a genealogy of Jesus.
The name Jamin means right hand. There are three different Jamins in the Bible:
Jamlech is a figure who appears once in the Hebrew Bible, in list of kin group leaders in the Tribe of Simeon, who according to the Bible lived in the time of Hezekiah and exterminated the Meunim.
Japhia was the king of Lachish, one of the five kings of the Amorites whose battle against the settling Israelites led by Joshua is reported in . Along with the other four kings, he was subsequently found in a cave at Makkedah, where he was killed and buried by Joshua and his forces ().
Jareb is a name which appears in Hosea 5:13 and 10:6 in some translations of the Bible. In both passages, the Hebrew text refers to a mlk yrb (KJV "King Jareb") in a way that implies that mlk yrb is the king of Assyria. However, no Assyrian king by the name of "Jareb" is known to history, which has led to a variety of conjectures about what the phrase refers to. According to W. F. Albright, the "definitive solution" to the problem is that the text should read mlk rb or mlky rb, meaning "the great king", a Hebrew translation of the common Assyrian royal title sharru rabu. The proposed emendation to "great king" has been accepted in a number of biblical translations.
Jarha was an Egyptian slave of Sheshan who was married to Sheshan's daughter according to 1 Chronicles 2:34–35.
Jathniel is a minor biblical figure who appears only in 1 Chronicles 26:2, in a list of Korahite porters.
Jecholiah (Hebrew: יכליהו, yekhalyahu) of Jerusalem was the wife of the King of Judah, Amaziah, and the mother of King Azariah. Depending on translation used, her name may also be spelled Jechiliah, Jecoliah, or Jekoliah. Also 2 Chronicles 26:3
This entry contains close paraphrases and borrowing of wording found in entries entitled "Jehiel" in the Encyclopaedia Biblica, a work which is now in the public domain.
For eleven of these the English spelling "Jehiel" reflects the Hebrew name יחיאל:
For the other three, the name Jehiel (or Jeiel) reflects the Hebrew spelling יעיאל:
Jehizkiah son of Shallum is mentioned in a list of Ephraimite leaders who, according to 2 Chronicles 28, intervened along with the prophet Oded to prevent the enslavement of 200,000 people from the Kingdom of Judah during the time of the king Ahaz.
Joehoaddah (or Jehoadah, Jarah) was one of the descendants of King Saul, according to 1 Chronicles 8:33–36. In 1 Chronicles 9:42, which contains a copy of the same genealogy of Saul, his name is given as "Jarah."
Jehoaddan (Hebrew: יהועדן, Yehōaddān; "YHWH delights") was a native of Jerusalem, the wife of King Joash of Judah, and mother of his successor, King Amaziah. II Kings 14:2
Jehoiada (Hebrew: יהוידע,Yehoyada "The LORD Knows") was the name of at least three people in the Hebrew Bible:
Jehoshaphat (Hebrew: יהושפט, yehoshaphat, God Judges), son of Paruah, was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators: his jurisdiction was Issachar (I Kings 4:17).
Jehosphaphat, son of Ahilud, was King Solomon's recorder (I Kings 4:3).
Jehubbah (or Hubbah) is the name of an individual who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher. His name depends on which variant reading (see Qere and Ketiv) of the Masoretic Text one follows: the Ketiv reads yhbh ("Jehubbah") the Qere reads whbh ("and Hubbah").
Jehudi (Hebrew יהודי "Judahite") "the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi" (Jeremiah 36:14) was one of the delegates the princes sent to fetch Baruch, Jeremiah's scribe, to read his scroll.
Jehudijah (Hebrew: הַיְהֻדִיָּ֗ה), mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:18, is the name given to the wife of Mered, and is listed as the mother of his children. Some Rabbinic sources claim that Jehudijah, a feminine form of the Hebrew yehudi (Hebrew: יְהוּדִי), meaning "Jew," is to be used as a noun rather than a given name, interpreting the passage as "his wife, the Jewess" rather than "his wife, Jehudijah," and that it is referring to Pharaoh's daughter, Bithiah, who is mentioned in the same passage and is said to have converted to Judaism. As Bithiah was an Egyptian, it would have been worth noting that she was a Jewess, especially given the importance of matrilineality in Judaism.
Jekameam son of Hebron is mentioned in passing in two genealogical passages.
Jephunneh (יְפֻנֶּה) is a biblical name which means "for whom a way is prepared", and was the name of two biblical figures:
Jeremai, one of the "descendants of Hashum," is a figure who appears only in Ezra 10:33, where he is listed among the men who married foreign women.
Jerioth ירעות "Tent Curtains" was a son of Caleb according to 1 Chronicles 2:18.
Jerijah (sometimes Jeriah) is listed is one of the sons of Hebron in genealogical passages in 1 Chronicles 23:19, 24:23, 26:31.
Jerusha (or Jerushah) the daughter of Zadok was, according to the 2 Kings 15:33 and 2 Chronicles 27:1, the mother of king Jotham of Judah.
Jeshohaiah appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah. According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseiah.
Jesimiel appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah. According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseel.
Jishui was the second son of King Saul, mentioned in Saul's genealogy in . He is called Abinadab in 1 Chronicles 8:33 and 9:39.
Joahaz, according 2 Chronicles 34:8, was the name of the father of Josiah's scribe Joah.
Joash, an abbreviated name of Jehoash, is the name of several figures in the Hebrew Bible.
Johanan (Hebrew: יוחנן "God is merciful") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he warned Gedaliah, the governor, of a plot to kill him, but was ignored. Jeremiah 40 7ff.
Jokim is listed as one of the descendants of Shelah, son of Judah (son of Jacob) in 1 Chronicles 4:22.
Jonathan (Hebrew: יונתן "God gave") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he was brother to Johanan q.v. – Jeremiah 40:8
Joshah son of Amaziah is mentioned only once in the Bible, where is listed among Benjamite leaders in 1 Chronicles 4:34. He is one of several clan leaders who, according to Chronicles, were involved in exterminating the descendants of Ham and the Meunim, and taking their pasture-lands.
Joshibiah (King James Version spelling Josibiah) is given in 1 Chronicles 4:35 as the father of Jehu, one of the Benjamite clan leaders in the time of Hezekiah who exterminated the descendants of Ham and the Meunim and took their farmland.
Joshua (Hebrew: יהושע yehoshua "God saves") was a city governor in the time of King Josiah of Judah. II Kings 23:8
Josiphiah is a name which appears in a list of returnees from the Babylonian captivity, where "Shelomith son of Josiphiah" is listed as the leader of the 160 men of the "descendants of Bani" who returned to Yehud Medinata in the time of Nehemiah.
Jozachar (Hebrew: יוֹזָכָר, yozakhar, "God Remembered") or Jozacar, son of Shimeath, was one of the assassins of king Joash of Judah. In 2 Kings 12:21 the Hebrew is יוזבד, yozabad.
Kallai is named as ancestral head of the priestly house of Sallai in the time of Jehoiakim, according to Nehemiah 12:20.
Kelal or Chelal is a person listed in Ezra as among those who married foreign women.
Kolaiah ("voice of Jehovah") is the father of the false prophet Ahab (Jeremiah ). It is also the name of an ancestor of Sallu that settled in Jerusalem after returning from the Babylonian exile (Nehemiah ).
Kore was responsible for distributing the freewill offerings of the Temple in the time of King Hezekiah ().