Hussainiwala National Martyrs Memorial
Hussainiwala National Martyrs Memorial (हुसैनीवाला राष्ट्रीय शहीदी स्मारक, पंजाब, भारत) in memory of the Indian freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru, is at Hussainiwala village in Punjab, India. A daily flag lowering ceremony, similar to the Wagah-Attari border ceremony is also held here jointly by the Indian and Pakistani armed forces.
The memorial marks the location on the banks of the Sutlej river where Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were cremated on 23 March 1931. It is also the cremation place of Batukeshwar Dutt, who died in 1965 and had also been involved in bombing the Central Legislative Assembly with Singh. His last wish was to be cremated at the same place. The mother of Bhagat Singh, Vidyawati, was also cremated there in accordance with her last wish.
The memorial was built in 1968 and is located 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from the border of India and Pakistan border, on the Indian side. After the Partition of India, the cremation spot became a part of Pakistan but on 17 January 1961 it was returned to India in exchange for 12 villages near the Sulemanki Headworks (Fazilka).This action of government was due to the pressure of AISF the student organization of CPI. The activists of AISF and AIYF conducted mass gatherings and protest to return Hussainiwala.
Every year, on 23 March, the Shaheedi Mela is observed at the memorial. The day is also observed across the state of Punjab.