Government of the 3rd Dáil
The Government of the 3rd Dáil was first both concurrently the 2nd Provisional Government (30 August to 6 December 1922) and the 5th Ministry of Dáil Éireann (9 September to 6 December 1922), formed after the 1922 general election held on 16 June 1922, and then the 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State (6 December 1922 to 19 September 1923), formed after the establishment of the Irish Free State. They were led by W. T. Cosgrave, who had become the leader of the Pro-Treaty wing of Sinn Féin and on 27 April 1923 became the first leader of the Cumann na nGaedheal.
The 2nd Provisional Government and the 5th Ministry lasted for overlapping concurrent periods of 98 days and 88 days respectively. The 1st Executive Council lasted for 287 days.
The 2nd Provisional Government (30 August 1922 – 6 December 1922) was formed by W. T. Cosgrave, who had been appointed as Chairman of the Provisional Government on 25 August 1922, after the death of Michael Collins on 22 August, who had led the 1st Provisional Government from 16 January 1922.
Arthur Griffith, the President of the Dáil who had led the 4th Ministry from 10 January 1922, had died on 12 August. The members of the 3rd Dáil first met on 9 September 1922. W. T. Cosgrave was proposed as President of the Dáil by Richard Mulcahy and seconded by Eoin MacNeill. This motion was carried and Cosgrave and formed the 5th Ministry (9 September 1922 – 6 December 1922), composed of Pro-Treaty members of Sinn Féin and identical in composition to the 2nd Provisional Government. With these appointments, the dual cabinets which had existed from January 1922 came to an end, with Cosgrave serving as both Chairman of the Provisional Government and President of Dáil Éireann. Both cabinets were abolished when the new Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force on 6 December 1922.
The 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State (6 December 1922 – 19 September 1923) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin, which later became Cumann na nGaedheal. On 6 December 1922, the Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force. William T. Cosgrave was proposed as President of the Executive Council by Peter Hughes and seconded by Francis McGuinness, and this motion was approved by the Dáil.
The President nominated the members of the Executive Council on 6 December.
The following Ministers were proposed by a committee of the Dáil on 14 December 1922.