Fennoscandia

Region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula

Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandia; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия/Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia.[1] Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden,[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia.

Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.

The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (Scandinavia), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.[5][6]