Dzogchen

A widespread simile for ignorance is the obscuration of the sun by clouds
The metaphors of sky and spaciousness are often used to describe the nature of mind in Dzogchen.

Following tantric initiation, one also engages in the tantric practices of . Jigme Lingpa sees all of these tantric practices as gradual steps to be cultivated which lead one to Great Perfection practice. Jigme Lingpa states:

In response to the idea that the gradualist teachings found in the Longchen Nyingtik texts contradict the Dzogchen view of primordial liberation, Jigme Lingpa states: