Dvesha (Buddhism)

Dvesha (Sanskrit, also dveṣa; Pali: dosa; Tibetan: zhe sdang) - is a Buddhist term that is translated as "hate, aversion".[1][2][3]

Dvesha (hate, aversion) is the opposite of raga (lust, desire). Along with Raga and Moha, Dvesha is one of the three character afflictions that, in part, cause Dukkha.[4][5] It is also one of the "threefold fires" in Buddhist Pali canon that must be quenched.[6][7][8] Dvesha is symbolically present as the snake in the center of Tibetan bhavachakra drawings. Dvesha (dosa) is identified in the following contexts within the Buddhist teachings:

Walpola Rahula renders it as "hatred",[9] as does Chogyam Trungpa.[10]