Darbhanga is a city and Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the 6th largest city of Bihar, only after Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur and Purnea. It is the headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga division and was the seat of the Raj Darbhanga and capital of the Mithila region.
Darbhanga is made up of two words Dar and Banga which translates to door to Bengal.
Excavation at Balirajgarh revealed brick fortifications dating back to 2nd century BC.
The 2011 Census of India recorded Darbhanga as a municipal corporation with its population of 267,348 comprising 142,377 males and 124,971 females while the district as a whole has a population of 3 million. It is the 6th largest city in Bihar in terms of urban population. Males constitute 52.6% of the population and females 47.4%. Darbhanga has an average literacy rate of 79.40%, while the male literacy rate is 85.08% with women at 73.08%.
Of the beginning of railway in Darbhanga and its neighbouring areas, The Imperial Gazetteer of India noted:
The famine of 1874 gave a great impetus to the construction of railways, and the District is on the whole well off in the matter of communications. Its south-west corner is traversed for 29 miles by the main line of the Bengal and North-Western Railway, and also by 25 miles of the new chord-line from Hajipur to Bachwara, which runs parallel to the Ganges embankment from east to west. From Samastipur a line runs to Darbhanga town and there branches off in two directions, the first north-west to Sitamarhi through Kamtaul and Jogiara, and the other due east to Khanwa Ghat on the Kosi (Old streem) near Pratapganj. The total length of the line within the District is 146 miles. Most of the earthwork for a line from Sakri to Jaynagar on the Nepal frontier was completed as a relief work during the famine of 1897 ; and the line, which has now been opened, should tap a large grain supply from Nepal.
Darbhanga Junction connects a large part of North Bihar and the Terai of Nepal with the rest of India as it serves as a major railhead. It is the main station of Darbhanga and the district of Madhubani.
Darbhanga Airport (IATA: DBR, ICAO: VE89) is a civil enclave at the Darbhanga Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force, 6 kilometres from , Bihar, India, near the NH-105 and NH-57 East-West Corridor Expressway which passes through Darbhanga. The civil enclave will be operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). The foundation stone for the project was laid by the Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and then Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu in the presence of state Civil Aviation Minister Jayant Sinha on 24 December 2018. Commercial flights will be started from 8th November 2020 for which bookings have already started on 20 September 2020.The flights are available for Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore.
For local transport, the commuters have the options of buses operated by BSRTC and auto-rickshaw. There is a bus stand and a new interstate bus stand is under construction. Bus services are available from Darbhanga to all the nearby major cities viz. Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur.
Rajbiraj Airport is the second nearest operational airport roughly 121 km away. Shree Airlines operates daily flights between Rajbiraj and Kathmandu. The nearest domestic airport to Darbhanga is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, approximately 139 kilometres (86 mi) away.