Cost reduction

Cost reduction is the process used by companies to reduce their costs and increase their profits. Depending on a company’s services or products, the strategies can vary. Every decision in the product development process affects cost: design is typically considered to account for 70 - 80% of the final cost of a project such as an engineering project [1] or the construction of a building.[2]

Companies typically launch a new product without focusing too much on cost. Cost becomes more important when competition increases and price becomes a differentiator in the market.

The importance of cost reduction in relation to other strategic business goals is often debated.[3]