Sometimes, as noted above, referred to as federal universities, these are universities where the teaching function is entirely carried out by constituent colleges, which will often have their own faculties and departments. This is represented by examples such as Oxford and Cambridge up to the mid 19th century, the University of Wales from 1893 to 2007, and the University of London from 1900. The level of legal separation – e.g. whether the colleges are separate corporate bodies – varies between universities. As the colleges are primarily teaching institutions, they may not always be residential communities and many are effectively universities in their own right.
The number of collegiate universities in France has increased over the past years. These include:
Collegiate universities with centralised teaching and undergraduate teaching in colleges:
Collegiate universities with centralised teaching and residential-only colleges:
Collegiate universities with centralised teaching carried out by the colleges:
Collegiate universities where all teaching is carried out in the colleges:
Unitary universities with centralised teaching and associated colleges that carry out their own teaching:
Some universities that once featured collegiate systems have lost them to mergers or suppression, due to financial, political or other reasons, or (in the case of federal universities) the individual colleges becoming independent universities. Examples include the following: