Chinese language

Although the grammars of the spoken varieties share many traits, they do possess differences.

永 (meaning "forever") is often used to illustrate the eight basic types of strokes of Chinese characters.

Here are a few examples of Hanyu Pinyin and Wade–Giles, for comparison:

Chinese varieties have been phonetically transcribed into many other writing systems over the centuries. The 'Phags-pa script, for example, has been very helpful in reconstructing the pronunciations of premodern forms of Chinese.