Topographic map of Bukovina, also with settlement place names, as depicted in 1791.
Map of the Austrian crownland of Bukovina at the turn of the 20th century.
Ethnic groups in Bukovina 1775–1930 (Ukrainians in red, Romanians in green).
Bukovina as divided in 1940: Soviet to the north, Romanian to the south.

After 1944, the human and economic connections between the northern (Soviet) and southern (Romanian) parts of Bukovina were severed. Today, the historically Ukrainian northern part is the nucleus of the Ukrainian Chernivtsi Oblast, while the southern part is part of Romania, though there are minorities of Ukrainians and Romanians in Romanian Bukovina and Ukrainian Bukovina respectively. , and have one seat reserved in the Romanian Chamber of Deputies.

According to estimates and censuses data, the population of Bukovina was:

The present demographic situation in Bukovina hardly resembles that of the Austrian Empire. The northern (Ukrainian) and southern (Romanian) parts became significantly dominated by their Ukrainian and Romanian majorities, respectively, with the representation of other ethnic groups being decreased significantly.