Bellary, officially Ballari, in the eponymous Bellari district, is a major city in the state of Karnataka, India. It is 311 km from the state capital of Bangaluru and 358 km from Hyderabad. Bellary has an urban population of 4,10,445 and metro population of 7,70,929 making it one of the most populous cities of Karnataka.

The Bellari city municipal council was upgraded to a city corporation in 2004.[6]

The Union Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India approved a proposal[by whom?] to rename the city in October 2014 and Bellary was renamed to "Ballari" on 1 November 2014.[7]

Bellari is located at . It has an average elevation of 495 metres (1,624 ft).[citation needed] The city stands in the midst of a wide, level plain of black cotton soil.[8] Granite rocks and hills form a prominent feature of Bellari. The city is spread mainly around two hills of granite composition, the Bellary Gudda and the Kumbara Gudda.

Bellary Gudda has a circumference of nearly 2 miles (3.2 km) and a height of 480 feet (150 m). The length of this rock from north-east to south-west is about 1,150 ft (350 m). To the east and south lies an irregular heap of boulders, to the west there is an unbroken monolith, and the north is walled by bare, rugged ridges.[8]

Kumbara Gudda looks like the profile of a human face from the south-east. It is also known as Face Hill.[8]

According to the 2011 Census of India, the urban population of Bellary was 410,445; of whom 206,149 were male and 204,296 female. 280,610 of the population were literate and 52,413 of the population were under 6 years of age this makes it the 8th most populous city of karnataka.[11] The population in 2001 was recorded as 316,766.[12]