Ashadha or Aashaadha or Aadi (Hindi: आसाढ़ Āsāṛh or आषाढ Āṣāḍh; Assamese: আহাৰ ahar; Odia: ଆଷାଢ; Bengali: আষাঢ়; Sylheti: ꠀꠀꠠ aáṛ) is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to June/July in the Gregorian calendar. In India's national civil calendar, this month is the fourth month of the year, beginning on 22 June and ending on 22 July. In Vedic Jyotish, Āsāṛh begins with the Sun's entry into Gemini. It is the first of the two months that comprise the monsoon season.
In lunar religious calendars, Āsāṛh begins on a new moon and is usually the fourth month of the year.
Guru Purnima, a festival dedicated to the Guru, is celebrated on the Purnima (Full Moon) day of the month. Prior to it Shayani Ekadashi, is observed on the eleventh lunar day (Ekadashi) of the bright fortnight (Shukla paksha). "Aadi amavasai" is an important festival in Tamil Nadu and auspicious for Amman.
In many parts of Nepal, the arrival of monsoon marks a special time for cultivating rice. This occasion starts with farmers, men and women, planting rice (Nepali: राेपाइं) while singing plantation songs. The farmers then participate in the mud festival, throwing mud at each other and welcoming the monsoon season. The festival ends with people sharing "dahi chiura (Nepali: दही चिउरा)" (literally "beaten rice with curds") with each other.