Anatomical terms of location

Standard terms for unambiguous description of relative placement of body parts

Many anatomical terms can be combined, either to indicate a position in two axes simultaneously or to indicate the direction of a movement relative to the body. For example, "anterolateral" indicates a position that is both anterior and lateral to the body axis (such as the bulk of the pectoralis major muscle).

Specific terms exist to describe how close or far something is to the head or tail of an animal. To describe how close to the head of an animal something is, three distinct terms are used:

For example, in horses, the eyes are caudal to the nose and rostral to the back of the head.

Several other terms are also used to describe location. These terms are not used to form the fixed axes. Terms include: