Allegheny College

Allegheny College is a private liberal arts college in Meadville, Pennsylvania.[5] Founded in 1815, Allegheny is the oldest college in continuous existence under the same name west of the Allegheny Mountains.[6] It is a member of the Great Lakes Colleges Association and the North Coast Athletic Conference and it is regionally accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.

Allegheny was founded in April 1815[7][8] by the Reverend Timothy Alden, a graduate of Harvard's School of Divinity. The college is historically affiliated with the United Methodist Church beginning in 1833, but does not integrate religion into the classroom or pedagogy.

William McKinley, Allegheny student for one year, eventual President of the United States

The first class, consisting of four male students, began their studies on July 4, 1816, without any formal academic buildings. Within six years, Alden accumulated sufficient funds to begin building a campus. The first building erected, the library, was designed by Alden himself, and is a notable example of early American architecture. Bentley Hall is named in honor of Dr. William Bentley, who donated his private library to the College, a collection of considerable value and significance. In 1824, Thomas Jefferson wrote to Alden, expressing the hope that his University of Virginia could someday possess the richness of Allegheny's library.[9] Alden served as president of the college until 1831, when financial and enrollment difficulties forced his resignation. Ruter Hall was built in 1853.[10]

Historic Bentley Hall which housed the college administration, including the Registrar and Office of the President, prior to its current renovations.

Allegheny began admitting women in 1870,[11] early for a US college; a woman was valedictorian of the Allegheny class of 1875.[11] By the time Ida Tarbell, future journalist, arrived in 1876, nineteen women had attended Allegheny and only two had graduated. Tarbell described Ruter Hall in her writing, "...looking out on the town in the valley, its roofs and towers half hidden by a wealth of trees, and beyond it to a circle of round-breasted hills. Before I left Allegheny I had found a very precious thing in that severe room--the companionship there is in the silent presence of books."[12]

In 1905, Allegheny built Alden Hall as a new and improved preparatory school.[7] Over the decades, the college has grown in size and significance while still maintaining ties to the community.

In 1971 the film Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up to Me based on the Richard Farina novel was filmed on college grounds.[13][14]

While the word "Allegheny" is a brand for the college, it is also the name of a county, a river, and a mountain range, and the school has tried to prevent other entities from using this word. For example, Allegheny objected in 2006 when Penn State tried to rename one of its campuses "Allegheny".[15][16] Allegheny president Richard Cook said 'Allegheny' was "our brand."[15] It sued the Philadelphia's Allegheny Health and Research Foundation in 1997 to change its name.[17]

Under president Richard J. Cook, Allegheny was reported to have had a "stronger endowment, optimal enrollment, record retention rates, innovative new programs and many physical campus improvements."[18] These years were marked by tremendous growth in the endowment, marked by a $115-million fund-raising drive, bringing the endowment to $150 million.[19][20] In February 2008, James H. Mullen Jr. was named the 21st president of Allegheny. He took office Aug. 1, 2008.[21]

The college and the town cooperate in many ways. One study suggested the Allegheny College generates approximately $93 million annually into Meadville and the local economy.[22] Since 2002, Allegheny hosts classical music festivals during the summer.[23] In October 2006, the college attracted negative publicity after local enforcement cited over 100 people for underage drinking at a college party.[24] In July 2007, a 1,500-pound wrecking ball demolishing part of Allegheny's Pelletier Library broke its chain, rumbled down the hill, careened "back and forth across the street," hit nine parked cars, wrecked curbs, and crashed into the trunk of an Allegheny student's car, pushing his car into two cars in front of him.[25][26] Eight soccer balls in his car "likely lessened the impact of the wrecking ball," and possibly spared his life, according to a police officer on the scene.[25][27] The student body voted to name the library's coffee shop "The Wrecking Ball" after the event.

The college has sponsored panels on unusual topics such as face transplants (2009).[28] Allegheny professors have joined highly visible initiatives; for example, Allegheny professor Michael Maniates, described as the "nation's leading authority on the politics of consumption," joined the board of a project about the twenty-minute film The Story of Stuff by filmmaker Annie Leonard, and generated headlines.[29] Dr. Maniates said "We really need to think of ways of making it possible for people to think about working less and getting by on less."[30] At present, environmental concerns are important at Allegheny, which in 2008 worked with Siemens to devise a "total energy use reduction plan" for the college.[31]

The campus has 40 principal buildings on a 79-acre (32 ha) central campus located just north of Downtown Meadville, a 203-acre (0.82 km2) outdoor recreational complex north of campus, called the Robertson Athletic Complex, and the 283-acre (115 ha) Bousson nature reserve, protected forest, and experimental forest.[32]

Allegheny College's majors and minors fall into three spheres: Humanities, Natural Sciences, and Social Sciences. There are some majors, such as Environmental Studies or International Studies, which fall into the interdisciplinary category. Students are required to choose a minor as well as a major[47] and encourages "unusual combinations" of majors and minors.[47] A student's major can be in the humanities, social sciences or natural sciences, but that student's minor must be in a different division than their major.[48][47]

Ravine Hall is a coed residence hall currently housing students of all class years.

Allegheny is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE).[8]

About 30% of the school's 2,100 students graduate in one of the "STEM" disciplines—science, technology, engineering, and math.[48] Allegheny does not have any Reserve Officer Training Programs or ROTC, for Air Force, Army or Navy.[49] The student to faculty ratio was 13 to 1.

Students must take at least two courses (8 semester credit hours) in a discipline other than their major or minor.[50] Total credits for graduation are 128 semester credit hours, and no more than 64 credit hours can be from any one department.[50] Almost all courses carry four semester hours of credit.[51]

All students are required to take a three-seminar series which "encourages careful listening and reading, thoughtful speaking and writing, and reflective academic planning and self-exploration," to be completed in their first two years.[52] Sophomores typically meet with faculty advisers eight times a year.[53]

Allegheny seniors are required to complete a senior project in their major.[50] Some senior projects can be quite ambitious; in 2007, one senior project involved comprehensive instructions for installing solar panels on the roof of a campus building.[54]

The Oddfellows building houses the departments of English, Religious Studies, and Philosophy as well as the Meadville Community Theater and Child Care programs. Photo courtesy

Allegheny's academic calendar is divided into two 15-week semesters. The school year typically runs from the last week of August to mid-May, with a short fall break in mid-October, a Wednesday-to-Sunday Thanksgiving break, a month-long winter break from mid-December to mid-January, and a week-long spring break in the third week of March.[55]

A view of the "Gator Quad" from the roof of the newly built high-tech Vukovich Center for Communication Arts.

Allegheny offers direct enrollment programs at Lancaster University, England; James Cook University, Australia; University of Natal, South Africa; Capital Normal University, China; and Karls-Eberhard University, Germany.[5] It offers language and area studies programs in Seville, Spain; Angers, France; Karls-Eberhard University, Germany; and Querétaro, Mexico.[5] It offers internship programs in London, England; Paris, France; and Washington D.C.[5] Programs geared to specific majors are also available, including environmental studies at the Arava Institute for Environmental Studies, Israel; and the Center for Sustainable Development, Costa Rica; marine biology at the Duke University Marine Lab in North Carolina; and political science at American University.[5] Allegheny faculty members have led domestic summer-study tours to New York, Yellowstone, Austria, Costa Rica, and South Africa.[5] Individually arranged study abroad has taken students to Argentina, Canada (Nova Scotia), China, Cuba, Greece, Italy, Mexico, and Scotland.[5]

Allegheny has medical school cooperative programs available with three institutions: Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Drexel University[56] and Jefferson Medical College. Allegheny offers pre-professional programs in law and health.[34] It has an arrangement with Drexel University College of Medicine to admit two Allegheny students who meet specific criteria (grades, MCAT scores).[34] It has an arrangement with the William E. Simon School of Business Administration at the University of Rochester to have preferred admission to selected students by the end of their junior year.[34][53] Allegheny offers cooperative 3–2 liberal arts/professional programs in engineering with Case Western Reserve University, Columbia University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Washington University.[5] There is also a 3–2 Master of Information Systems Management (MISM) program reciprocal agreement with Carnegie Mellon University.

Four faculty won Fulbright Awards in March 2001.[57] Faculty sometimes focus on the local area; for example, economics professor Stephen Onyeiwu conducted a study of manufacturing in the northwestern Pennsylvania region.[58] Ninety percent of faculty have terminal degrees in their respective fields.[5] Books by faculty include Congressional Women and Comedy from Shakespeare to Sheridan.[5] A literary prize was won by Allegheny writing instructor Kirk Nesset for his collection "Paradise Road" in 2007.[59] Faculty actively publish on a wide range of subjects from the biology of woodpeckers,[60] to structural features of ribosomal RNA,[61] to freshwater invertebrates.[62] In 2018, Professor Shannan Mattiace won a Fulbright Award to teach and conduct research in Chile.[63]

There were 5,479 applications for admission to the class of 2022 (enrolling fall 2018): 3,485 were admitted (63.6%) and 474 enrolled (an admissions yield of 13.6%).[64] The average high school GPA of enrolled freshmen was 3.51, and 35% had a high school GPA of 3.75 or higher.[64] The middle 50% range of enrolled freshmen on SAT scores was 560–680 for reading and writing, and 560-660 for math, while the ACT Composite middle 50% range was 24–30.[64]

Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked Allegheny 56th among the top 100 U.S. liberal arts colleges for 2021.[69]

U.S. News & World Report ranked Allegheny as tied for 80th among liberal arts colleges, tied at 19th for "Best Undergraduate Teaching, tied for 29th in "Most Innovative Schools", and 46th in "Best Value Schools" in the United States for 2021.[70]

Washington Monthly, which rates schools based on the degree to which they "contribute to the public good" by improving social mobility, producing research and promoting service, ranked Allegheny 34th among 218 liberal arts colleges in 2020.[71]

One of many war memorials on campus (some dating back to the time of the Civil War). This memorial honors Allegheny students who fought in the Vietnam War.

Students generally are required to live on campus for all four years, and may reside in traditional dormitories, apartment-style housing, or college-owned houses.[32]

The demographics of students as of fall 2015 were: White (non-Hispanic) 75.9%; Hispanic/Latino 7.0%, Black (non-Hispanic) 5.9%; Two or more races 4.7%, Non-resident alien 2.8%, Asian & Pacific Islander 2.4%; American Indian or Alaskan native 0.1%; Unknown 1.2% .[3]

Allegheny students in 2008 come from 33 states and 25 other countries.[5] Allegheny had a "diversity index" of .15 on a scale of .99=extremely diverse to .01=not diverse.[72]

Students participate in volunteer activities: in the fall semester of 2011, the student body contributed 25,000 hours of volunteer service to the community.[73] Some Allegheny students volunteered to help restore businesses in hurricane-ravished New Orleans.[74] Residence halls and classrooms are closed during summers.[34] An Allegheny Student Government has an active role in formulating college policy, curriculum choices, personal conduct, promoting cultural programs, and making decisions about the school's calendar.[5]

Information about students is generally kept private in keeping with the 1974 "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act" which prohibits colleges from releasing information about their students without student permission.[75] Accordingly, parents can not learn about their son's or daughter's grades unless a waiver is signed permitting release of such information. The privacy policy can sometimes lead to problems, particularly when students have mental health problems but the school is prevented legally from contacting parents. In 2002, one Allegheny student committed suicide, and his parents sued the school; a jury in 2006 found that the school was not liable or negligent.[75] This case helped focus national attention on the competing issues of student privacy and parental rights.[76]

Campus security includes 24-hour foot and vehicle patrols, late night escort service, lighted pathways and sidewalks, controlled residence hall access, and 24-hour emergency telephones.[49] Health service is offered.[49] Despite proximity to the snowbelt, snow rarely shuts down the town of Meadville or the college.[77]

Official college policy is to discourage underage (less than 21 years) drinking, although there have been incidents of violations at off-campus parties.[78] Incoming students are required to take an online course about the dangers of alcohol abuse.[78] The school punishes transgressions with disciplinary action.[78]

Students run a campus radio station WARC 90.3 FM and a publication called "The Allegheny Review" of undergraduate literature.[79] The college hosts outside speakers.[80] Allegheny has numerous student groups and organizations such as an astronomy club, a College Choir, an Outing Club, and a Peace Coalition.[81] There are over 100 clubs and organizations offered at Allegheny.[5] The Allegheny newspaper is called The Campus. It is distributed weekly at locations all over the college. It covers campus news, features, opinion and a wrap-up of the college sports. The Campus is entirely student-run, with an editorial board of students in charge of making all executive decisions for the publication. The Allegheny alternative magazine is called Overkill. It is tri-semester student publication distributed in unconventional locations around campus, such as in vending machines, fireplaces, and chandeliers. It features student editorials, poetry, non-fiction and fiction pieces, art, and photography with a highly distinctive design and attitude.

Allegheny has welcomed a variety of entertainers and guest speakers over the last several years including John Updike, Dave Matthews, Dick Cheney,[82] Bill Clinton,[83] W.D. Snodgrass, Adam Sandler, George Carlin, The Vienna Choir Boys, Rusted Root, Ben Folds, The Roots, Stephen Lynch, The Fray, Jimmy Fallon,[84] and comedian Wayne Brady.[85] There have been "live" art shows in which invited artists, over an eight-hour period, created 10-by-10-foot "drawings" on gallery walls while spectators watched.[86]

Allegheny, known athletically as the Gators, belongs to the North Coast Athletic Conference and has NCAA Division III teams.[87] Men's sports are baseball,[88] basketball,[89][90] cross country, football,[91] golf, soccer,[92] swimming and diving, tennis,[93] and track & field.[87][94][95] Women's sports are basketball,[89][90] cross country, golf, lacrosse, soccer,[92] softball, swimming & diving, tennis,[93] track & field,[95] and volleyball.[87] Sports facilities include the Wise Center and the Robertson Complex.[96] 75 percent of students play intramural sports.[5]

Branch Rickey was Allegheny College Athletic Director from 1904 to 1905, and coached baseball, basketball, and football. Rickey also served as instructor of Shakespeare, English, and History.

The 1990 Allegheny football team, led by first-year head coach (and current Quarterbacks Coach at the University of Iowa) Ken O'Keefe, won the Division III football national championship 21–14 over Lycoming College.

One tradition is that a female student is not a "real co-ed" until she's been kissed on the thirteenth plank of the Rustic bridge over the stream.[97][98] Legend states that there is a competition among residence halls during Orientation Week to steal the thirteenth plank and display it, though this rarely happens today;[99] random students take the plank instead, with maintenance keeping a supply of replacement planks on hand.[97]

Allegheny College also has a number of fraternities and sororities on campus. These include Kappa Kappa Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, Delta Delta Delta, Alpha Delta Pi, and Alpha Chi Omega for the sororities. In 2009, 34% of Allegheny women belonged to a sorority.[100] The fraternities on campus include Theta Chi, Phi Kappa Psi, Delta Tau Delta, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta and Phi Beta Sigma. In the Fall of 2016, the Nu Mu chapter of Phi Beta Sigma was reactivated at Allegheny College.

Allegheny is located in northwestern Pennsylvania 90 miles (140 km) north of Pittsburgh, 90 miles (140 km) east of Cleveland, and 35 miles (56 km) south of Erie, in the town of Meadville, Pennsylvania.[5] The school's main address is 520 North Main Street, Meadville, PA 16335.[5] The phone number is (814) 332–3100.[5] Allegheny is located near Interstate 79.

In fiscal year 2007, Allegheny had revenues from tuition and fees of $33,149,074, government grants and contracts of $1,091,068, private gifts grants and contracts of $8,925,845 and an investment return of $31,748,504, and other core revenues of $1,040,120.[101] Expenses included instruction $19,442,708, research $966,394, academic support $6,040,548, student service $2,029,686, and institution support $9,766,374.[101]

The president since July 2019 is Dr. Hilary L. Link, the college's 22nd president and first female president. There are approximately 150 administration and staff personnel in 2008.[34] The staff breakdown is as follows: 157 full-time employees doing instruction, research, and public service; 43 executive, administrative, and managerial personnel; 103 other professionals (support/service); 9 technical and paraprofessionals; 68 clerical and secretarial employees; 12 skilled craftspersons; and 27 service & maintenance staff.[101] In addition, part-time staff included 36 instructors, 23 other professionals, 10 secretaries, and 4 service and maintenance staff.[101] Of the 157 full-time faculty, 87 have tenure, and 41 are on a tenure track.[101] The average salaries of professors (in 2007) was $83K, associate professors was $63K, assistant professors was $51K, instructors was $38K.[101] Allegheny is a member of the Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium, or HEDS, in which member institutions share information relating to improvement of higher education.[102]