8-orthoplex

In geometry, an 8-orthoplex or 8-cross polytope is a regular 8-polytope with 16 vertices, 112 edges, 448 triangle faces, 1120 tetrahedron cells, 1792 5-cells 4-faces, 1792 5-faces, 1024 6-faces, and 256 7-faces.

It is a part of an infinite family of polytopes, called cross-polytopes or orthoplexes. The dual polytope is an 8-hypercube, or octeract.

This configuration matrix represents the 8-orthoplex. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells, 4-faces, 5-faces, 6-faces and 7-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 8-orthoplex. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element.[1][2]

The diagonal f-vector numbers are derived through the Wythoff construction, dividing the full group order of a subgroup order by removing individual mirrors. [3]

There are two Coxeter groups associated with the 8-cube, one regular, dual of the octeract with the C8 or [4,3,3,3,3,3,3] symmetry group, and a half symmetry with two copies of 7-simplex facets, alternating, with the D8 or [35,1,1] symmetry group. A lowest symmetry construction is based on a dual of an 8-orthotope, called an 8-fusil.

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of an 8-cube, centered at the origin are

(±1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0), (0,±1,0,0,0,0,0,0), (0,0,±1,0,0,0,0,0), (0,0,0,±1,0,0,0,0),
(0,0,0,0,±1,0,0,0), (0,0,0,0,0,±1,0,0), (0,0,0,0,0,0,0,±1), (0,0,0,0,0,0,0,±1)

It is used in its alternated form 511 with the 8-simplex to form the 521 honeycomb.