Suicide is a major public health concern. Suicide is among the leading causes of death in the United States. Based on recent mortality data, suicide in some populations is on the rise.
Additional information about suicide can be found on the NIMH health topics page on Suicide Prevention.
Table 1 shows the twelve leading causes of death in the United States, and the number of deaths attributed to each cause. Data are shown for all ages and select age groups where suicide was one of the leading twelve causes of death in 2020. The data are based on death certificate information compiled by the CDC.
Note: In 2019, suicide was the 10th leading cause of death (47,511 suicide deaths). In 2020, liver disease and COVID-19 surpassed suicide as leading causes of death, but suicide deaths decreased compared to 2019 totals (45,979 suicide deaths). Suicide is not among the twelve leading causes of death among children in the 0-4 year age group nor in adults in the age group 65 years and older (data not shown).
Data in Figure 1 and Figure 2 are courtesy of the CDC ’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS Data Brief No. 433, March 2022).
*Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic
AI = American Indian, PI = Pacific Islander
Data in Table 2 and Figure 5 are courtesy of the CDC WISQARS Leading Causes of Death Reports.
* Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic.
NH/OPI = Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander | AI/AN = American Indian / Alaskan Native
* Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic. NH/OPI = Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander.
Note: The estimate for American Indian / Alaskan Native group is not reported in the above figure due to low precision of data collection in 2020.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Atlanta, GA: National Centers for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2021). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. PEP21-07-01-003, NSDUH Series H-56). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from .
Please see the for further information on how these data were collected and calculated.