Dialect continuum

Geographic range of dialects that vary more strongly at the distant ends

The Slavic area was in turn split by the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin in the 9th and 10th centuries.

The transition from German dialects to Dutch variants followed two basic routes:

Ukrainian dialects and to a lesser degree Belarusian have in been influenced by neighbouring Polish, due to the historical ties with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The current Goidelic speaking areas of Ireland are also separated by extinct dialects but remain mutually intelligible.

The difference between the written standard and the vernaculars is apparent also in the written language, and children have to be taught Modern Standard Arabic in school to be able to read it.

Unlike the Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi dialect continuum, with distinct n/y/l/r/ð dialect characteristics and noticeable west-east k/č(ch) axis, the Ojibwe continuum is marked with vowel syncope along the west-east axis and ∅/n along the north-south axis.